Mack Home Columbia
living room
Design Tips
How to set up living room with a fireplace

The hearth is central to the interior of the home. If 100 years ago the fire was necessary for survival, now the living room with a fireplace has more of a decorative function. To arrange a recreation area, you need to find the right model and location in the room. 

Interiors with a fireplace in different finishes

If there is a hearth in the room, it attracts the eyes of the incoming people. The right finish will turn the design into an original component of the interior. The design of the living room with a fireplace can be supplemented with unusual decoration or decor. 

Wood

Decorative inserts made of alder look unusual. The natural material has no heat-resistant characteristics. To clad a fireplace in the living room, it is necessary to impregnate the raw material with a flame retardant. The flame from the firebox is covered with a special screen, and the ventilation system will remove dangerous heat. 

Tile

Ceramics are not afraid of the flame, has an attractive appearance. The smooth surface of the material suits any stylistic direction. The contrast against the background of rough brick or textured plaster is effective. Variants with a pattern and mosaic will make the portal the center of the space.

Artificial stone

Finishing material is cheaper than its natural counterpart, although it has similar characteristics. In appearance, it resembles pebbles, medieval masonry or marble surface. Resistant to moisture and fire, the decor will help to dramatically transform the living room with a fireplace. 

Plaster

Fireproof raw materials are suitable for decorating any style. In the skillful hands on the portal appear textured patterns, perfect smoothness or artificial dilapidation. If you choose the right color scheme, you can change the mood of the space.

Soaring fireplace

Hovering in the center of the room is a striking component that is often used when decorating a dwelling. An open living room with a panoramic fireplace creates the effect of air movement. The minimal amount of furniture does not clutter the space. Huge ceiling-to-floor windows let in a lot of light. 

A stack of

Haphazardly thrown firewood will not decorate the interior. Special cabinets for storing wood turn into an element of design. Built into the walls, niches are located in the area of the fireplace in the living room (under the hearth, on the sides of it). Forged mobile options are in harmony with the rustic style. The pile is arranged in the bar counter or under the stairs. 

With a clock

So that the wall above the portal is not empty, designers often install a TV panel. But the heat in the chimney and the soot from the flame are dangerous for appliances. You can solve the problem of free space with a clock. Huge built-in models with a decorative dial will not violate the integrity of the style concept. 

With mirror

Interior objects in the original frame fits any design direction. Mirror mosaic with large elements above the fireplace in the living room visually increases the room. The effect of continuation of the room is created. 

With candles

If there is no possibility to mount a real hearth, it is easy to replace with the original analogue. In the wall create a portal, which does not differ in appearance from the standard model. Instead of wood, candles of different diameters and heights are installed. 

Biofireplace

Special alcohol is used as fuel in the hearth. To place a fireplace in the living room does not require approval from the BTI. Mobile versions are not tied to a certain place, so you can move to any part of the room. Desktop models are built into the furniture, and the fire line will create a mesmerizing picture of free flame. 

Stylistic design of the living room with a fireplace

The fireplace is a natural extension of the design, so it should not stand out. The structure often becomes the centerpiece, around which the design is built up. To make a living room with a fireplace look spectacular, you need to choose a style.

Classic

The time-tested direction is difficult to imagine without a hearth. A massive built-in portal occupies most of the wall, and a couple of armchairs are located nearby. Above the construction is mounted a huge mirror in a heavy frame or a painting. The surface of the structure is decorated with intricate moldings and propped by columns. Natural materials are used for decoration:

  • granite;
  • plaster
  • wood;
  • tile
  • brick.

Neoclassical

Neoclassic is not as pretentious and pompous as the standard current. The updated style uses dosed decorations. A huge fireplace in the living room will be a striking accent of the space. The design with false columns on the sides does not violate the symmetry of the room. Here looks great as a traditional wood type, as well as a model on electricity. Above the structure, a TV panel is installed.

The design of the living room with a fireplace in the English classics is characterized by brevity and simplicity. Traditional hearths are made in the form of the letter “U”, often of the open type. The protruding portal without doors and partitions looks united with the room. The lively flames and crackling of the wood bring a sense of tranquility to the room. Red brick and wild stone are used for cladding. 

Chalet

Fireplace in the interior of the living room in the chalet style – it is a natural continuation of the space and a bright element of decor. In the room looks great, a huge portal, lined with untreated stone. The version with a D-shaped chimney combines harmoniously with the TV. Zoning is easy to achieve with the model with a panoramic firebox.

Provence

The elegant Provence style uses classically shaped fireplaces for the living room. In the room looks like a portal with stucco, as well as a rustic stove. Brick, wild stone or plaster is suitable as a decor. The tiled decoration of the front of the hearth gives the room a unique charm of the French countryside. A small corner model for the sitting area can be installed in the bay window.

Country

The fireplace in the interior of the classic country is the central element of the room. If the walls are lined with rough logs, then use a huge portal made of brick. The room, aged in neutral colors, will suit the hearth with a D-shaped chimney. For a small room, it is better to place a simple model in the form of a “P”.

Modern style

The form and placement of the fireplace depends on the concept of the designer. In a combined living room and dining room, the design in a false partition will help zoning. Variants in a transparent wall bring fantastic notes to the room.

Modern fireplace in the interior can visually fix the room. In a narrow living room, a transverse wall of glass with a false hearth at the base draws the boundary between the functional zones. The divided room does not lose its original integrity.

Modern styles love fireplaces in the space. A small model in a spiral staircase becomes an extension of the interior. A panoramic solution under glass is installed in a column. On the floor, a variant with a fire island looks great.

The fireplace is a mandatory attribute of the loft style. The combination of rough wall decoration and a large classical portal makes the interior more homely. A half partition with a burning fire will close the stairs to the second tier or the kitchen from prying eyes. A floor or suspended firebox will be a harmonious continuation of the industrial trend. 

Ethnic style

National design trends in home decoration have recognizable features. Fireplaces in living rooms in the ethnic style impose a special mood on the interior. The original design of the Japanese hearth is not like other constructions. The low model with thin wooden beams gives the room a soft, warm light. Unobtrusive natural shades do not irritate, so set the mood for relaxation. 

The interior of the living room with a fireplace in the Indian style is decorated in bright colors. Volumetric tiles with a vegetal pattern are used as finishing materials for the hearth. The portal is covered with ocher or decorative plaster. If the room is large, there is room for a solution with columns, plaster paintings and frescoes. 

Scandinavian style is difficult to imagine without a fireplace in the living room. A compact hearth in one of the corners will fit naturally into the bright room. The cylindrical firebox with a long chimney is almost invisible next to the stairs. A sleek black portal with a log niche will be a visible detail in the interior. 

Location of the fireplace in the living room

Properly installed, the hearth does not interfere with the movement of people and does not fall out of the overall concept. Sitting by the fire and passing by should not penetrate into the extraneous comfort zone. As a standard, gantry models are placed on the wall. The chimney can be either built into the partition, or protruding (D-shaped). 

According to safety rules, you need at least 20 squares for the construction. 

In urban apartments, you cannot use wood-fired models. The best solution remains electric and biofires.

In a small room, it is easy to make an imitation that does not differ in appearance from the standard portal.

If the size of the room allows, then the classic fireplace in the living room is built into a special niche on the wall. A secluded fire zone is created, in which armchairs fall. The apartment often uses an electric or bio-fireplace, so a TV is additionally placed in the grotto. A miniature mobile firebox is hidden in a recess lined with red brick. 

The classic portal can be placed in a half-partition. The structure fits harmoniously into the modern interior design of the living room with a fireplace. The design in the tone of the main background does not look alien. The hearth area can be tiled with:

  • wild stone;
  • red brick;
  • ceramic;
  • wood.

Corner fireplaces in the living room do not take up much useful space, suitable for all styles. Compact structures are installed in the bay window area. Closed-type models are safe for people, they are often used to warm up the room. If you remove the doors, the design becomes open. 

Island solutions are better placed in the center of the room. Modern fireplaces have different shapes, so they will fit harmoniously into any design. Soaring hearths look great surrounded by furniture. A stationary version with a platform and an overhanging chimney becomes a bright element of decor. Mobile types are placed in:

  • the middle of the room;
  • in the recreation area;
  • near the TV.

The panoramic model, built into the bar counter, looks spectacular. The fireplace is relevant for the living room in a modern style. Three-sided versions are located in any part of the column. A decorative horizontal half partition with an electric fireplace at the base will separate two functional zones.

The bilateral fireplace in the interior of the living room is installed in a false wall. The flame simultaneously heats both the recreation area and the dining room (kitchen). If you mount the model in a half-partition next to the sofa, then the person falls out of sight of the incoming. It creates the effect of a fire window. 

living room

    Fireplace options

    In modern design, the fireplace is an extension of the interior. Models are differentiated by location, heat emission and the fuel used. Wall-mounted options take up a lot of space in the room, so they are suitable for large rooms. Built into a partition, the portal is decorated with stone, tile or brick.

    Corner fireplace in the interior uses a minimum of free space, looks elegant in all styles. Next to it, you can place armchairs, a sofa for relaxing or organize a dining area. In a country house choose models on firewood or gas, for the apartment will do electric or on alcohol. As an external finish, any materials are used.

    The island fireplace in the living room has an unusual design. For a freestanding design, an additional safety zone is organized. Next to it, it is impossible to put furniture, and the floor is made of non-combustible raw materials. The chimney is attached to the ceiling, and under it there is a platform with the fire. In the suspended variety, the hearth is connected to the chimney, and the structure itself “floats” above the ground. 

    A modern fireplace with a panoramic firebox is often used for zoning the room. The design is mounted in a false partition, placed in the center of the living room or attached to a vertical surface. Solutions with a view from three sides are put on a podium, protected by glass. The geometric shape of the construction fits harmoniously into any avant-garde design. 

    Models of fireplaces in the style of high-tech are an unusual and memorable detail of the space. The designs belong more to the decor than to the heating devices. Bright, original options are made of glass and metal, have a geometric shape. Structures in the room:

    • built into a partition;
    • suspended above the floor;
    • located in the form of an island in the recreation area;
    • set in the open area.

    In the interior of the living room with a fireplace, false models are often used. Imitations look similar to full-fledged hearths. The electric version not only decorates, but also heats the room. During operation, the device emits the sounds of burning logs. Instead of a fire, you can use candles or a visualization on the screen. 

    Conclusion

    Consequently, a fireplace in the living room is a bright, memorable element that brings a sense of coziness to the room. Wood-fired models are suitable only for country housing. In apartment conditions, you can install electric units and variants on biofuel. If you choose the right stylistic direction, the beauty will not interfere with functionality. 

    commercial kitchen
    Design Tips
    How to design a commercial kitchen

    Today we’re going to talk about the right kitchen layout for a commercial business.

    Its design can make or break a business as a whole.

    If it hasn’t been properly designed to make the kitchen run as smoothly and efficiently as possible, then poor quality food will get to your customers’ tables late, and you’ll have serious negative feedback.

    And, of course, your business finances will be affected as well.

    Everything has to be planned and thought through before you serve your first customer.

    Key things to think about:

    • CHD
    • Cooking
    • Food preparation
    • Serving
    • Cleaning and laundry

    In this article, we’ll go over everything you need to consider when you’re trying to figure out how to design a commercial kitchen for your own business.

    Let’s talk about kitchen layouts

    You need to make sure that you’ve cleared space between pieces of equipment on all sides, and you’ve taken things like opening doors, as well as considering where your employees can walk around the kitchen freely.

    You have a few basic layout options that are common to all commercial kitchens in the world.

    You’ll want to choose one and then customize it according to personal preference and how you want your kitchen to be organized:

    • Island Style.
    • Zone Style
    • Assemblage Line.
    commercial kitchen

    Island Style

    An island style kitchen consists of one main unit in the middle of the space, where the kitchen equipment usually finds itself.

    Then things like transitions for storage and from kitchen to serving are on the outside surrounding walls.

    Sometimes, though, this can be changed if the available space works better that way.

    Zoned style

    With a zoned layout, the kitchen will be divided into unique parts.

    There will be a separate section for everything; cooking, cooking, cooling and laundry.

    And, of course, the transition section from kitchen to service will be away from all the action in the kitchen, so the servers can do their thing.

    Assembly Line

    A classic kitchen design that produces a large amount of food every hour, such as a pizza or a sandwich, is an assembly line.

    As you understand it, the kitchen is planned in order of use and equipment so that it is lined up like a conveyor belt.

    One employee does his thing and then passes it on to the next in line.

    Make sure you understand kitchen flow

    Some of the layouts mentioned are only appropriate for certain kitchen flows, so you’ll have to think about how your employees will use the kitchen in their daily lives.

    The best way to do this is to think about what each employee has to do as part of their daily work and map out their intended path.

    Then you can build the kitchen around those outcomes.

    Spatial Planning

    As we already know, commercial kitchen design is important for efficiency and safety, but, of course, what you decide to do with the design will also affect your income.

    As you choose your final layout, you’ll want to evaluate the following:

    • How many employees will use the space – The number of employees will determine the amount of work and free space needed.
    • What is the menu – The menu will outline the catering equipment needed and what will be used at each dinner.
    • How much is left over after the kitchen is completed – The size of the kitchen, assuming you already have a building, will indicate how much you have left over, to the front of the house.

    Questions like these will allow you to get the right balance of kitchen space and home space; you’ll know what you may not actually need, rather than what is definitely necessary for the success of your business.

    If that means removing the stove to make room at the front of the house for one or two extra tables, it will help increase income and be much more beneficial to your business.

    Consider the materials you’re going to use

    Determining the layout of your kitchen is one thing, but deciding what materials you should use is another; because you’ll not only need to consider what it looks like, but also understand how those materials might affect the way you and your staff work.

    Use materials that are easy to clean

    You’ll want to make sure your kitchen is easy to clean, so choosing materials that allow you to do so will be important.

    A dirty kitchen will cause you to break hygiene laws, and it will also affect the kitchen equipment that you and your staff use, which will obviously affect their performance.

    In addition, you risk damaging your equipment, which in turn will put an unnecessary financial burden on you.

    Surfaces that will come into contact with food should never absorb grease or water.

    Stainless steel is your obvious choice, and it should be rated at least 304 for use.

    Walls

    The walls should also be resistant to grease and food particles, as well as smooth and free of exposed fixtures or protrusions.

    Of course, hygiene is vital, so these surfaces should be easy to clean.

    Another thing to think about:

    • Ceramic tiles, if used, should be coated with an antibacterial solution.
    • Fly screens should be installed where windows can be opened
    • Mesh must cover any exterior vents.
    • The joint between exterior walls and roofing must be caulked.

    Kitchen Flooring

    The choice of flooring is the same as for other materials, it should be very easy to maintain.

    But it should also be non-slip to prevent accidents in the kitchen when your employees are trying to work.

    Floor types to think about:

    • Stainless steel with a non-slip profile and welded seams
    • Epoxy ceramic tile
    • Quarry tile with an impervious sealant
    • Polyvinyl tile with head welded joints

    Now you know how to design a commercial kitchen. Hopefully, this guide will be your start in the business. Grab a pen and start running your business!

    commercial design
    Design Tips
    What is commercial design

    Design is a modern and necessary word in our fast-paced age. Behind this word is the multifaceted and challenging work of creative minds who create masterpieces of design art.

    Interior design is an integral part of this creative activity. People increasingly show a desire to decorate their places of residence: not only the home dwelling, but also the work area. Entertainment venues also need quality decoration. Therefore, the design of commercial premises is now at the peak of popularity. Market pavilions, exhibition centers, cafes, bars, restaurants, beauty salons, entertainment venues delight the eye with a variety of stylistic trends.

    Design of trade pavilions and exhibition complexes

    The design of pavilions should take into account the rules of the three zones: the first, closest to the exit – the fresh arrivals, the second – the items of daily demand, the third – other goods. The most important is the practical and visual component: the convenient arrangement of goods, lighting and color scheme. 

    Based on the tricks of marketing, it is better to place fashionable receipts on the right, since customers are most often right-handed type of traffic. According to the rules of design, it is also desirable to use the center of the sales area: you can place glass showcases or racks.

    Lighting also plays a significant role, because a certain light can visually increase or decrease the area. To visually expand the work area, it is better to use light materials with light-reflecting properties or light sources that are arranged in a straight line along the wall. Direct lighting, coming from above, on the contrary, narrows the space. With well-thought-out and intelligent lighting, it is possible to accentuate certain objects that should be highlighted against the rest.

    The color scheme in the design of shopping complexes is also important. The choice of colors depends on the purpose and type of retail space. If the scope of activity – sales of office, household or computer equipment – it is better to use a cold light or gray tones (especially for small spaces), which will correspond to the seriousness and importance of the company. If it is an exhibition and sale of works of art, clothing or gifts, in this case, various color solutions are acceptable: from neutral colors to bright and unusual contrasts. 

    commercial design

    Design of cafes, bars, restaurants, entertainment centers, beauty salons

    The design of entertainment facilities should create an atmosphere of hospitality, relaxation and soulful holiday. 

    Lighting in this case is often subdued, which allows you to create a mysterious twilight of another world. Particular attention should be paid to the lighting of the bar – the central place in the institution. The light should favorably emphasize the stylistic features of the rest of the space. Also, important is the material from which the interior is made. Velvet, velvet and other similar in texture fabrics absorb much more light than smooth and glossy, so in this case, lighting is better to make brighter.

    Colors can be different: cold or warm bright colors – depending on the customer-focus of the institution. Respectable clubs and restaurants can be decorated in gloomy purple, blue and black tones. National cuisine establishments are better done in a setting that reflects the symbolism and national colors of the country. Cafes and bars for young people are better decorated in an unusual thematic style, using catchy posters and unusual drawings in a colorful palette.  Children’s entertainment centers require bright, cheerful shades that will delight kids and lift their spirits. 

    Competent designers will help not to get lost in the variety of design options. They usually work in several stages:

    • Analyzing and evaluating the room, determining the amount of repair and finishing work;
    • Study of clients’ wishes and finding a design compromise;
    • Preparation of estimate and design project;
    • Creation of ready-made design.

    Unusual design solutions in shopping centers and entertainment facilities attract visitors, visually delight and aesthetically provoke customers to look again in these places.

    Quality design services are certainly worth paying for. Design is part of a company’s image. Decent look coupled with good “stuffing” is the key to success and triumph in the fight for each client. 

    interior design
    Design Tips
    Residential biophilic interior design

    Even if you’ve never heard of biophilic design, you already love it. After all, biophilia is a love of nature and a way to “invite nature into your home. Let’s explore together why biophilic design is becoming a popular tool for home improvement and decoration.

    What is biophilic design?

    The word “biophilia” itself translates as love for all living things, for our nature. Humans have a genetic connection to nature. It has long been established that surrounded by a lot of greenery, a person feels more comfortable not only psychologically but also physically. Therefore, more and more architects and designers integrate natural elements in their projects, creating so-called biophilic interiors.

    The concept of biophilic interiors is relatively new, for the first time Professor of Social Ecology Steven Kellert started talking about the method of incorporating nature into architecture and design. It was he, in the 1980s, who substantiated the fact that the integration of nature into the human dwelling has a positive effect on it.

    interior design

    How do you create a biophilic home interior?

    It’s not enough to just pick up and furnish, deck the house with houseplants. Let’s go over the main points that characterize the biophilic interior.

    Lighting

    Light plays a major and perhaps the key role in creating such an interior. Day lighting allows a person to keep in touch with the time of day. Panoramic windows or a glass roof are not available to everyone, but you can increase the amount of daylight by using reflective surfaces, glass and mirrors.

    There are no restrictions, many mirrors have never hurt any interior, and the light and air added many times.

    The main thing is to place mirrors so that they reflect the daylight. The use of glass partitions when zoning rooms will also add not only more light, but also more air.

    Air

    Not only is it necessary to artificially create a volume of airspace, which I wrote about in the previous paragraph. Natural ventilation is just as important. For this, you need to properly design the air conditioning and ventilation system. And humidifiers, fragrances, diffusers are the “cherry on the cake”.

    Water

    The sound of the sea, the sounds of the waterfall calms and soothes, creates a necessary oasis in your room. You can put an aquarium or a table fountain, underwater garden would fit nicely into such interior.

    Fire 

    Fire is pleasant to the human eye, it has a lot of heat and light. If it is impossible to install a fireplace in the room (nowadays, the range of fireplaces allows them to be used in any room), or you for some reason do not want to do this, ordinary candles, of any size and in any quantity, will do.

    Finishing materials

    Only natural materials are welcomed: stone, wood, cork, rattan, bamboo and natural textiles: linen, jute, cotton.

    The color scheme – only natural neutral shades. Surround yourself with these colors, and you’ll get the feeling that you are in a park. The decor, tableware, textiles – everything should be associated with natural elements. If the window does not make you too happy, you can divert your attention from it by hanging a painting with a landscape on the opposite wall.

    Plants

    Plants in biophilic design does not happen a lot. The only problem is that they all require care. To begin with, it is better to consider options for unpretentious plants. For example, interestingly looks in the interior of moss, which can finish one of the walls, and not only in the room, but even in the bathrooms.

    I would strongly advise against using artificial analogues of plants, because natural flowers are triggered as sensors, reacting to mold or high levels of carbon dioxide.

    We all strive for comfort, both physical and psychological, but it is biophilic design that allows us to create harmonious conditions for the human soul and body.

    stair design
    Design Tips
    Residential stair design

    The design of the staircase in country houses arranged for permanent residence requires the use of specific attributes. Proper design will add to the aesthetics of the space and create an accent in the hallway of the house.

    Types of stairs

    The staircase should be functional and beautiful at the same time. To combine these two qualities, it is necessary to properly determine the type and its features.

    According to the device, the construction is divided into several varieties:

    • Spiral or helical. Used rarely, they look original and take up minimal space. Can be made of different materials. Such variants are not very convenient in operation. Therefore, they are installed in homes where there is a shortage of free space.
    • Stairs on bolts. The original model. It implies a lightweight construction, fastened with special bolts. Therefore, it looks stylish and elegant.
    • March stairs – a classic option. Can be made of one, two and more elements. It is used for any house. When installing this type of stairs are guided by the free area and height of the ceilings.

    Erect structures can be made of any material. Some masters practice various combinations. The use of glass, decorative stone, metal or wood is welcome. The result is an environmentally friendly and beautiful element of the house.

    Structural features of stairs

    Any staircase consists of a list of mandatory parts. Because of their large number, it is considered a complex construction structure.

    The following components are distinguished:

    • Balustrade – this is a staircase guardrail, which is installed on the second floor landing in the arrangement.
    • Balusters – a special detail in the form of vertical bars, the distance between which is less than 15 cm.
    • Pillars – designed to fix the beams, are considered an important element for the slabs.
    • The sub-beam is considered the basis for the installation of security fencing.
    • A web is a beam that holds the steps in a given direction.
    • The tread is the main part that serves to move on the stairs.
    • The tread is the support for the step. Holds it in a horizontal position.
    • The platform is necessary for the transition between flights of stairs. It is installed between the floors. Often serves as a reinforcement of the structure.
    • Handrail – railing, which is necessary for a comfortable passage, serve as holding devices for the safety of people.

    Most designs also include a skidding step. It is an angular turning element. It is installed when there is no transition platform. Sometimes these parts are constructed in one combination.

    Note! Back steps are considered the widest among all, they are performed in the number of 4-5 pieces in the area of turning stair elements. 

    Also, by the type of steps, it is customary to divide constructions into open and closed.

    Options for the most beautiful staircases for every taste

    If it is necessary that the staircase corresponded to the general environment, choose similar shades of construction, as well as the direction of the style.

    In a modern style

    Bright and original will be any interior with a properly arranged staircase. Modern models are suitable for any direction. Practically have no restrictions on design.

    Massive concrete construction without handrails and other auxiliary elements. Held with the help of built-in reinforcement and reinforcement. This variant is considered a march, with the presence of a connecting pass-through platform.

    Elegant arched model. It is similar in type to the spiral one as well. A characteristic feature is a special turning point and the design of the baluster with a railing.

    The alternation of dark and light material helps the design to match the style of the interior. Handrails, as well as the entire staircase, are made of wood. They are coated with lacquer, so they have a smooth structure. 

    A simple but stylish piece of wood. Has solid handrails. The combination of coffee and white shades corresponds to the modern type of interior. The three-level marching model is suitable for a house built of wood. Wide railing with rough texture is convenient to use during movement on the stairs.

    Spiral staircase with a utility room under it. Made of different material. The steps are of concrete block, and the railing is made of wood. Noteworthy is an interesting design of balusters. They are laid horizontally, with a minimum gap.

    Another variant of modern design of structures. Wooden base and staircase frame with glass balusters. Handrails are made in the form of frames. They securely hold a glass cloth. The balustrade is made in the same style, with special fastening mechanisms for glass.

    In the style of minimalism

    Staircase construction in minimalism has no decor. If some accessories are present, there are very few. It is possible to design any of the options, taking into account new trends and innovations.

    One of the simplest models. The marching staircase with an unremarkable design. A special accent is created by the design of the bottom two steps. They are attached to the concrete base, have a wide arc-shaped surface. The balusters are made of metal, with a wooden handrail in a dark color on top.

    Wooden construction with a solid first platform and wide steps. Special glass panels are installed as railings. They are fixed with screws. The lack of standard railing makes the element wide and noticeable. 

    The product is made of durable exclusively transparent glass. Has a stepped type of device, wide transitional platforms are provided. Looks great this staircase in narrow corridors and unremarkable halls.

    Glass staircase with a left-hand rail. Characterized by its airiness and simple design. Metal rungs, which are fixed to the main partition, act as holding devices. The handrails on the balustrade and the stairs themselves are made of metal. Glass modules act as a barrier. 

    In the classical style

    Classic is acceptable more for large-sized dacha houses. There should be enough space for such an interior.

    An interesting and quite massive staircase model. The main materials are marble and forged metal, with various decorative elements. The design is considered spiral-shaped, it has round forms, there is no transition platform. Such designs have a lot of weight. Therefore, try to attach these structures to the load-bearing walls. Under the construction itself do cellars or basements. They will complement the strength of the construction.

    Wooden model, painted in white. The bars of the handrails are turned with a carpentry machine. The design can consist of two or three levels. A wide area between the floors is acceptable. The handrails are the same color as the steps. The ladder is characterized by its arc-shaped shape. Suitable for the design of large country houses.

    Massive staircase made of wood. The form of the steps is rounded and smooth. The construction itself has some narrowing to the top. The handrails are equipped with interesting balusters. Their basis is considered to be forged metal with interesting patterns. Their surface is painted white, some parts have a golden hue. Handrails are carved from solid wood. The surface of the staircase has no sharp corners, which is characteristic of the classic design.

    Straight and stern staircase. Worthy of attention for its interesting and at the same time restrained design. Brown steps look perfectly with white tread. Massive pillars are considered the basis of a reliable protective structure. The model in the photo is made entirely of wood, has a lacquered glossy surface. The bottom step extends beyond the structure, creating a natural decoration.

    A great option for those who prefer chic and rich decoration. The marble style steps with a snow-white tread create a clear accent on the structure. The staircase has branching handrails and interesting balusters made of metal. Forging in the classic is one of the best design options. Slender uprights are designed to branch the railing spectacularly.

    Loft style

    Loft style is quite common. Its characteristic feature is the presence of a brick wall and the use of natural shades. Staircases with this design option are well limited in decor.

    Simple and reinforced version of the design with wooden handrails and metal base. Simple steps made of thick broad wood. The role of attachment is given to special bolt connections. This option refers to the spiral type of stairs. The shade of the handrails and the steps themselves correspond to the style of decoration of the walls and other surfaces in the room.

    The staircase in the loft style. A successful combination of mesh balusters and metal handrails. The design looks unfinished, which is considered an important component in the intended direction of the interior. Such structures are more often organized with the help of welding works. The base is held on wooden supports.

    Again, a wooden structure on a metal profile base. Narrow, unfinished railings create a sense of unfinished design. Special welded corners serve as holding mechanisms for the steps. Rails and any other type of unpainted metal profile can be used for the base. The march variant of the construction is equipped with small transitional platforms. Such a design would be appropriate in the area of panoramic windows between the floors.

    The staircase has wide dark steps and an interesting design of the railing. The balusters are horizontal. Such a staircase seems suspended and light. Handrails and platform are combined with some elements of the interior of the room. Massive metal connectors make the design more rigid and reliable.

    stair design

    Art Deco style

    Art deco is one of the modern and popular design options.

    A dark design that rises above the floor decor. Characterized by rectangular, massive steps. Powerful railing with a decorated baluster creates volume and increases the dimensions of the construction. Such a model is made of solid wood. The wall in the area of such a construction is arranged similarly. 

    Circular double-sided stairs with comfortable handrails. They are equipped with nickel-plated protective bars, which are bolted to the floor or steps. There are reinforcing rungs between some sections. The arched handrails are made of wood, with a glossy finish. The steps are made of a material imitating marble.

    Comfortable design, which fits perfectly into the Art Deco interior. High stairs to the second floor with wooden steps. The basis of the construction is concrete. The sloping railings are spectacularly complemented by monograms bent out of metal rods. The spiral version of the staircase makes the ceilings visually higher.

    Interesting staircase in the interior with prominent handrails and protective structures. Forged balusters are made in the form of unusual patterns. They repeat the features of vegetation, flowers, drops. Steps are usually made of granite or marble stone. Such a staircase has a wide holding platform with a decorative pedestal in the hall.

    Regardless of which style the owner prefers, the design must be absolutely safe and beautiful at the same time. In large two-story rooms, try to make massive structures. Models with an interesting decoration are actual.

    On a side note! One step should have no more than 18 steps. Further, it is obligatory to arrange the platform. Otherwise, it will be tiring to move around.

    Options for lighting the stairs 

    If the design of stairwells in multi-story buildings does not matter, then in private homes this issue is acute. It is important to correctly organize the main light of the structure or backlighting. As a result, the structure will become a bright component of the interior.

    Spotlights and small sconces on the walls are considered the most relevant options for lighting home stairs. If they are properly placed on different sides, it will be possible to achieve an incredible effect. Lighting helps to create a unique shade of the structure in the evening. 

    The design with running steps. Made of wood. A great option for lighting is the lighting, which is located under each step. It tries to organize with LED strip to light slightly illuminate the structure. This design allows convenient use of the stairs at night. Launched lighting with the help of adjacent switches. 

    A similar way of lighting design as in the previous idea. The difference is that these steps are suspended. When the lighting is turned on, a visual volume effect is created. The staircase seems transparent and unique. The glass stops give the structure a lightness and neutrality.

    The lighting of steps for the second floor can be done with specially designed lamps. They are installed in niches. Turn them on regularly at night. As an option, set up an automatic start and turn off the backlighting. 

    Suspended marching stairs without safety railings can be equipped with small sconces along the wall. They are not bad to illuminate the design at night. Artificial lighting will be ideal for structures with wooden steps. Also looks good and semi-darkness on the stairs from any other material. 

    Frequent mistakes that are made during the construction of stairs

    Beginner masters often make a lot of mistakes. They adversely affect the design features of stairs. They should not be allowed:

    • Incorrect rise or a large angle of inclination. As a result of the incorrect projection of the construction, the finished version becomes uncomfortable. Such an error often results in an insufficient width of the steps.
    • The wrong material for the frame. Many people get confused when choosing the raw material to install a structure. For example, wooden houses need proper stairs. Their height should not exceed two stories. For buildings with monolithic slabs, it is recommended to create concrete stairs with attachment to the load-bearing partition.
    • Loads on the slab. Always, before you begin construction, it is important to assess whether the floor will support the weight of the future staircase. If this point is not calculated, you may be faced with rapid destruction of a homemade staircase.
    • Unconformability. If the finished structure is difficult to move, the railing does not meet the safety requirements, it is uncomfortable to use the design. Also, the size of the steps should be observed: no more than 20 and no less than 14 cm.
    • Ignoring the level of the floor. If a concrete staircase is installed, it must be made taking into account the upper and lower level of the floor covering. As a result of non-compliance, there is a risk of getting too steep and dangerous steps.
    • Safety. If there are children in the house, all requirements must be met. It is important that the child could not fall out over the handrails or slip on the steps. To do this, the railing is made high. The distance between the baluster should be minimal, and the surface of the steps should not be slippery.

    Conclusion

    The design of a sculptural or any other staircase should be unique. Professionals recommend doing it in a modern style. This makes it possible not to be limited in imagination in the arrangement of the construction. Following fashion trends and improvements, it is always possible to add something new to such constructions.