What is residential interior design

Most people spend a lot of their time at home, so it’s important to have a space that feels comfortable. A lot of focus is usually placed on the interior design of living spaces. The best way to deal with the planning and design of housing are professionally trained people – decorators, architects, designers. But it is also useful for owners to know about the principles on which the interior is built.

Interior and the principles of its construction

The interior of a building is composed of many different parts, including the walls, ceiling, floor, and roof. The principles of construction that are used to create these parts are typically based on the type of material that is being used.

Decoration began to form simultaneously with the emergence of dwellings. Today, there is a coherent system of ideas about how to make the interior space both beautiful and functional.

The interior of the modern home is not only based on the choice of decor in a certain style, but also on the concept of planning, zoning, and competent arrangement of furniture. These activities allow you to organize a comfortable living space.

  • The interior must be in keeping with the character and habits of the inhabitants of the house.
  • It is important that the design has a common line, a core that harmoniously unites the individual elements.

Each room in the house should be designed to be ergonomic and to meet the needs of the people who will be using it. The contents of the room should also be designed to meet the purpose of the room.

When carrying out construction work (repair work), take into account the parameters that are important for a comfortable life: heat protection, sound insulation, ventilation, selected plumbing equipment.

It’s important to have a space that looks good and is practical, but there are other important factors to consider, such as the overall harmony of the space and the things in it. Pay attention to things like the consistency of finishes, decor, and objects within the space, as well as the placement of each item, their color, and the lighting conditions.

Zoning is the process of dividing a room into different sections based on their function. This can be done with different finishes and textures on the walls or furniture, to make it easier to remember which part of the room is for what.

The composition of a room includes everything from the furniture to the lighting to the appliances. The arrangement of these different elements must be done according to certain rules in order to create a cohesive look.

The style of a dwelling is determined by the tastes of the owners, fashion, traditions, and the choice of construction and finishing materials.

Composition and its rules

When decorating a room that is not standard or size, it is important to follow the laws of composition in order to create a cohesive and unified look. This can be done by using a variety of complementary decorations and materials, as well as using a layout that is well-balanced and symmetrical. By following these guidelines, the interior of the house will appear much more organized and refined.

The symmetry of a room can help to create a sense of organization and coherence within the space, as well as helping to avoid perceived chaos. It can be achieved through the arrangement of furniture and the use of finishing materials, such as wallpaper and flooring. Additionally, it can be helpful to use complementary pieces of furniture to create a harmonious look. By doing so, the room will appear more calm and stable, which can help to reduce the chaos and disorder that can often be perceived.

Breaking symmetry can create a more casual and less formal atmosphere in a room. This can be done by positioning furniture or decor in a way that doesn’t follow a traditional pattern.

Without asymmetry, a room cannot be designed without resorting to unconventional layouts, such as a mansard roof with a bay window, protruding corners, and niches. In redevelopment situations, for example, where a window is located asymmetrically within the room, the only option is to use a method-oriented design approach.

Rhythm is an important element in design, as it can help to unite a space and make it more interesting. It can be created using features such as ceiling beams, stairs, columns and window panes.

To make the interior appear rhythmical, it is enough, for example, to place several cushions of the same size on the couch. To complicate the scheme, it is useful to make them different in color and texture.

The interior of the room is designed to be calm and tranquil, with an emphasis on stillness. This is achieved by introducing elements of symmetry, using vertical and horizontal lines, solid furniture, classic colors and natural materials.

The method is often used in classical, neoclassical, and retro styles, and can be found in loft interiors. Static is usually suitable for small functional spaces (like a bedroom or office), in which a dense arrangement of furniture is a forced decision.

In contrast to static interior design, which relies on traditional methods and materials, high-tech, fusion, and eclectic interior styles are characterized by their dynamism. This involves using asymmetry, leaving as much free space as possible, and using place accents in the form of contrasting colors. Use of diagonal and vertical lines in wall decoration, decorations, and textiles, as well as laying the floor covering, emphasizes the advantages of the chosen style and masks the disadvantages of the room.

Interior Components

To create the ideal environment, you will need to work on the following interior components:

  • There are different types of lighting, including general lighting, which provides light throughout the room, and local light sources, which are used to light specific areas. Accent light is used to emphasize specific details in a room, and is often used in conjunction with other types of lighting. In today’s interior design, a combination of all types of lighting is often used, with the abandonment of central light sources in favor of multiple light sources.
  • There are many benefits to including plants in your bedroom decor. Plants provide comfort by creating a calming atmosphere, and they can also help to clean the air by absorbing carbon dioxide and releasing oxygen. It is important to consider the conditions required for plants to thrive, and to also be aware of their breathing patterns in order to avoid over-fertilizing or overwatering them. Ultimately, choosing plants that are compatible with your bedroom decor and lifestyle is the best way to enjoy their benefits.
  • When furnishing a room, it is generally advised to center the focus on the main subject, which in this case is the furniture. It is also important to consider the layout of the room and how the furniture will be used. If possible, try to group furniture together in threes in order to create a more finished look. This will help to create a more stylish and cohesive space.
residential interior design


What the interior of your home will look like depends on your personal preferences, which are greatly influenced by current fashion trends. For example, modern homes can feature a variety of different styles, ranging from precise stylizations to elegantly combining two or three different styles. Some of the most popular styles used in home design include the following:

  • The interior is designed with symmetry in mind, and includes elements of one of the historical design directions: classicism, empire, baroque, or rococo. A key feature is the desire for luxury, which manifests in the use of stucco, expensive furniture, luxurious fabrics, paintings, parquet, chandeliers, and sofa cushions.
  • The contemporary style is all about functional, simple designs and using a variety of materials. The style usually favors built-in and modular furniture, with fewer accessories. The colors chosen are typically neutrals and light, with brown, navy blue, and graphite gray being the most popular. When selecting furniture, it is important to consider the room’s color palette and choose pieces that will harmonize with it.
  • The Scandinavian style is popular for its adaptability and positivity. The interior is filled with cabinets, niches, and open shelves, and you will not spoil the purity of the style by adding and moving around household items. The style keeps natural light as much as possible, so white (or very close light colors) predominates in the design. The windows are decorated minimally, often with blinds or roller blinds. Natural materials are preferred, the most popular being wood.
  • The Loft style has a distinct bohemian flavor due to its lack of partitions and abundance of free space. This impression is created by using emphasized industrial details such as large windows, plastered or brick walls, concrete or boarded floor. Pipes and ventilation systems are not hidden, but are combined with modern chrome fixtures. Antique and minimalist furniture is in harmony with the old factory stools.


Other styles such as neoclassic, minimalism, and Provence may be interesting to some, but because they require more money to implement, they are used less often. A mixture of styles is becoming more popular, as it allows for more experimentation and results in original interiors that combine elements of classic and modern styles. If you’re someone who likes both vintage and high-tech, this could be a great opportunity to create a truly one-of-a-kind interior.