Residential pool design

Pool design in the country house includes a fairly large number of important components. On the one hand, you need to take care of its convenience and safety of operation, on the other – to choose the design solution, technology, materials and components, taking into account the economic feasibility and aesthetic side of things. The article touches on the most basic points that will help to form an idea of creating a pool in the house.


Swimming pool, in the language of engineers – a hydraulic structure. Since such artificial reservoirs are widely in demand, a large variety of standard projects for the house, sauna and plot have been created. In the priority of original solutions? Then for the development of the model will have to turn to designers. In either case, you must first decide what kind of pool you need.

Unheated outdoor pool for use in the warm season

For the construction of an outdoor artificial reservoir on the site will require significantly less cost than for the one that is located directly in the house. However, the swimming season is limited to a few months of the year.

Around the perimeter around the pool is recommended to plant dust- and windproof strips of tree and shrub plantings. If the site is located near a local highway, the width of the “green strip” should be at least 5 m on the traffic side. If it is a highway with heavy traffic – 20 m.

What crops are used for green fences:

  • prickly spruce;
  • fir;
  • cedar;
  • spirea;
  • honeysuckle;
  • honeysuckle;
  • cotoneaster;
  • snowberry;
  • pigweed.

At the end of the warm season the owners will have to take care of the conservation of the pond: drain the water, clean the bowl with chemicals and brushes, remove filters and other equipment, close the drains and fill them with water with preservative additives.

Outdoor heated pool for year-round use

Operation of reservoirs in the wintertime can be performed at the expense of heating equipment. Such equipment can be used for the pool, which is located in a house or a separate structure.

To reduce heat loss, it is recommended to install pavilions – sliding structures, which can be purchased in specialized stores. Since heat loss of outdoor structures is much higher, and the largest percentage of heat is lost due to evaporation of the liquid, during the heating automatic blinds or bubble film are used.

pool design

Indoor pool in the building for swimming in all seasons

This option is considered one of the most expensive and has many technical nuances, which can not be neglected, so as not to flood and not to destroy the structure of the building. The load created by the house and the pool filled with water, not every soil can withstand.

In the hall, where the pool is located, the humidity is greatly increased, so it is isolated from the rooms to prevent the formation of mold and eliminate other problems.

Pool lighting consumes a lot of energy. To reduce costs, panoramic glazing is installed in the room. However, this solution leads to an increase in heat loss, which is already large. For heating, lighting and air conditioning, a home reservoir consumes a large amount of energy.

Swimming pool should be incorporated into the design of the house, because remake the finished or already under construction building is difficult: it will significantly change the load on the foundation, water consumption, energy consumption. In this case, it is better to erect a separate structure.

Build an artificial reservoir can also be in a wooden house, for which the building must be equipped with a special heating system and treat wood with chrome and copper preservative impregnation. Pool design in a wooden house is customary not to clutter the interior with additional decorative elements.

Indoor pool in a separate building or annexed

Not, in all cases, it is acceptable that the foundation of the pool is adjacent to the foundation of the building. If the area of the site allows, you can make an extension for the pool at a small distance and equipped with a warm passageway.

Complex pool

A rare option – the bowl is indoors and outdoors.

Transformer pool with a rising-bottom

A bowl with a rising-lowering bottom can be installed both in the house and on the plot. This option will save space significantly, which is relevant, especially for allotments with a small area. Control the system is not difficult: press the button – the floor gradually moves downwards, and the tank is filled with water. You can choose a version with a retractable cover, on which you can also walk.

Built-in spa pools

These are prefabricated products for which equipment can be selected not only from the direct manufacturer, but also from other companies. Built-in models are quickly installed, so you can swim in them soon after purchase.

The devices are suitable for any interior, so you can decorate the poolroom in the country house in any style: classic, art deco, oriental, etc.

Portable Spa Pools

Depending on the model, the bowl can accommodate from 2 to 12 people. The devices are equipped with massage jets for turbo, jet and bubble massage. When installing the spa pool, you need to take care of the safety shutoff system. As the base, experts give preference to a concrete platform with a thickness of 10 cm or more.

Parameters for determining the cost of a stationary pool for the house and the selection of equipment

Development of the design of the pool in a private home, as a rule, is carried out at the design stage of the building after the geological studies of the soil and groundwater. If the calculations are wrong, unequal shrinkage of the building is possible, the consequence of which is the deformation of the whole structure that requires expensive reconstruction.

Bowl volume is the main criterion

Maximum characteristics are calculated based on the characteristics of the soil and the maximum allowable load on it. Therefore, not in all cases, it is possible to create a large pool.

Location of the pool

The most frequent variants of placement of home reservoirs – basement and first floor. The optimal height of the room – from 2 m to 80 cm if the bowl is sunk into the floor. The requirement should be observed since the installation of the ceiling, ventilation, air conditioning and lighting over it, the height of the walls significantly reduced.

If the bowl is located on the floor, the recommended height of the room – 3.5 m with a bowl height of 1.7-1.8 m.

Skimmer Pool Type

Water intake for filtration is realized through skimmers. Water is located below the floor level at 15 cm or lower. It is notable for simplicity in operation.

Overflow type

Water level with the edge of the bowl and the floor of the room. Excess water goes through the grids into the overflow trays and then enters the filtration system. Construction of overflow type pool is 1.5-2 times more expensive than skimmer type pool construction.

Pool bowls

Concrete, vinyl, fiberglass, polypropylene and steel sheets are used as material for making artificial reservoirs.

Concrete basin

It is durable and suitable for all hydrotechnical conditions. Swimming pools can be made in any configuration and choose any finish you like. A variety of equipment is produced for them, allowing you to create different effects.

Vinyl bowl

Shorter period of operation compared to other options. The material is resistant to chemical reagents. Suitable for creating containers of simple shape.

Fiberglass pool

Durable and unpretentious in care. Fiberglass refers to materials with low thermal conductivity. It is meant for installation at the initial stage of construction.

Polypropylene bowl

It is distinguished by its durability and low heat emission. Polypropylene pools can be made of almost any shape and size. No installation of heat and water insulation is required.

Steel sheet container

Bottom and walls made of welded stainless steel sheets. Part of the details are manufactured in the factory. The plates are assembled into a single vessel at the location where the pool is to be operated.


  • lightness;
  • long service life;
  • quick installation;
  • a variety of shapes and designs.

Finishing pool basin

For finishing capacity you can use PVC-film, ceramic tiles, smalt. The film is sold in rolls, it is cut, based on the shape and size of the bowl, and welded with hot air. Types: sealed liner, film with two layers of PVC and a polyester layer, butyl rubber membrane without reinforcement.

Ceramic tiles and mosaics are available in a large variety of colors and are used to create complex ornaments. Mosaic differs from tile in that it can be mounted on round and other curved surfaces.

Facing of pool sides

Floor tiles and mosaics with anti-slip surface, edging stone (granite, coping, straight, radius for curves) are designed for finishing pool sides.

Decorating the walls of the room

As a decorative coating of walls and ceilings in the interior of swimming pools in private homes, premises with home pools use a variety of materials:

  • artificial and natural stone;
  • moisture-resistant photo wallpaper;
  • ceramic and photoceramic tiles
  • mosaics;
  • plaster;
  • decorative panels;
  • flexible stone;
  • siding;
  • stucco and other options.


A big role in the interior of swimming pools in private homes is played by lighting, which is used to create interesting effects and a cozy atmosphere. In a room designed for a home pool, you can install moisture-proof chandeliers with LEDs and halogen lamps.

Contour lighting is mounted on top of the edges of swimming pools. Special lights are used for underwater illumination, including multicolored water illumination. The devices are made of stainless metal, durable plastic and tempered glass.

Fiber optic lighting is gaining in popularity, with the help of which:

  • illuminate areas of the room;
  • Create an effect of the starry sky and northern lights.

Overview of the transformer pool, which closes the lawn and performs both functions with dignity:

Topic Summary

In addition to the aspects mentioned in the article, when equipping the pool in a private home, you need to take care of disinfecting, filtering systems, filtration and heating devices, stairs and other appliances and interior elements to create a comfortable and safe environment.

Involvement of specialists and professional crews in the design and construction of the artificial reservoir will help to reduce the time of construction and arrangement of the pool, as well as to get the desired result.